Given the serious nature of periodontal disease (gum disease), it's worth becoming familiar with how the condition occurs, and the steps needed to prevent it. You'll also learn how to identify the signs of gum disease. A dentist's attention is needed.
If tartar remains on your teeth, it will gradually cause your gums to become inflamed. This is the first stage of periodontal disease called gingivitis. If you are brushing and flossing regularly, a single dental visit will usually resolve the condition.
If gingivitis is allowed to progress, the condition will turn into periodontitis. There is a risk of tissue and bone loss. As plaque continues to spread, the gum line recedes, leaving pockets in which infection occurs. If you notice that one or more teeth have become loose, there's a good chance you are suffering from advanced periodontal disease. Seek dental care.