Contrary to the popular belief, periodontal diseases, not tooth decay, are the main cause of adult tooth loss. These diseases, caused by bacterial infection in the gums, ligaments and bones, can be cured quite easily by periodontal therapy. The periodontium helps maintain the tooth's position on the maxillary, or mustache bone, and the mandibular or inferior maxillary bone.
The four tissues that make up the tissue are alveolar bone, cementum, gingiva or gums and periodontal ligament. Also called conventional periodontal therapy, this kind of treatment is essential for the removal of dental plaque and calculus. The elimination of the inflammation-causing etiologic agents will control bacterial growth that encourages gum diseases. When gum diseases are diagnosed in the early stages, periodontal treatment, by itself, might cure the problem. The margins will help in accumulating the plaque.
Scaling and Root Planing (SRP)- Periodontal scaling process includes elimination of stain, plaque and calculus from the crown and below. Antibiotics - An adjunctive cleaning option to the former, antibiotics in the pill form can be consumed to control bacterial growth.