Dental implants surgery can be categorized into two types, the endosteal surgery and the subperiosteal surgery. In the endosteal surgery. In the subperiosteal surgery, a dental implant is placed over the jaw bone and not into the jaw bone. Sometimes another preparatory surgery of bone grafting is also performed on the patient. If for some reason, the bone grafting cannot be done with the patient's bone, then the grafting is done by an artificial bone, a bone graft from a donor or a with a bone graft of an animal.
In autogeneous grafts, the patient's own bone is taken to perform the surgery. Usually a graft from the hip bone is prepared because hip bones have a lot of marrow, which aid in the formation of new bones. The allograft is a bone graft prepared from bone donated by a donor. A patient may or may not need bone grafting. After the bone grafting, the jaw is let to heal upto nine months.
Periodontal Surgery Bone Graft
After placing the dental implant the incision is closed and the titanium metal is let to osseointegrate with the jaw bone. The metal suffers rejection in about 5 percent of the dental implants patients. The second phase of the endosteal dental implants surgery consists of placing an abutment over the dental implant titanium pin.