Dentists and dental hygienists gauge periodontal disease using a tool called a periodontal probe. Eventual tooth loss is likely over the years in patients with disease who have pockets 5 mm or deeper around their teeth. In the absence of any dental hygiene activity, a study of Sri Lankan tea laborers shows that approximately 10% of people will suffer from severe periodontal disease with rapid loss of attachment.
Periodontal disease affects this gap. The disease causes the tissues supporting the teeth to eventually break down.Periodontal disease left untreated causes the destruction of the gums, alveolar bone, and the outer layer of the tooth root. The first stage is gingivitis, an inflammation of the outermost soft tissue of the gums.
Adult periodontitis is the most serious form of periodontal disease, involving connecting tissues and bone. There's another important reason for treatments. Periodontist Sally Cram, DDS, a spokeswoman for the American Dental Association says, "There are a lot of studies that suggest that oral health, and gum disease in particular, are related to serious conditions like heart disease."The main cause of periodontal disease is plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If your problem goes untreated, destruction of gum and bone attachment to the teeth continues.